A conclusion is what you leave with your reader.
The 3 parts of a good conclusion
- A restatement of the thesis
The first step in writing a strong conclusion is to restate the thesis statement. A thesis statement is a brief, declarative sentence that communicates the aim, intent, or primary idea of an essay. The goal is to reemphasize the overarching major point of the essay at the end. Simply repeating the subject in your conclusion serves to remind the audience of the main aim or goal, making it easier for them to recall.
- A review of the main points
The second step is to evaluate the important elements from your essay after restating the main points. Recollection necessitates repetition. We increase the possibility that the reader will remember our primary ideas by previewing them in the introduction, adequately discussing and transitioning to them during the course of the essay, and finally reviewing them in the conclusion. Therefore, the introduction gives a glimpse of the main body points and the conclusion, a review.
- A concluding device
The concluding device is the last element in a good conclusion. When you finish writing, a concluding device is basically the last thought you want your readers to have. It also gives your essay a distinct ending. This avoids a sudden ending that leaves the reader hanging. When it comes to completing a speech, most people employ one of seven techniques:
Asking a rhetorical question that forces the reader to consider a concept is a way to end a speech. If you are writing about the importance of the environment, you might conclude by stating, "Think about the future of your children." What kind of environment do you want them to grow up in? "Would you rather live in a world that is clean, vibrant, and attractive, or one that is polluted, filthy, and disease-ridden?" You should note that you are not actually asking the reader to respond to the question. The objective of this question is to get the audience to consider what kind of world they want for their children.
Proposing a solution
Another effective technique for a writer to conclude an essay is to provide a remedy to the problem that was mentioned earlier in the body. Perhaps a writer has been writing about the issues surrounding pollution and global warming, the writer could then propose a solution to close the gap by providing more environment friendly sources of energy. Although this is a powerful ending, a writer should consider whether the solution should be described in further detail as a stand-alone primary point within the body to answer the reader’s concerns about the suggested solution.
The word inspire, by definition, implies to affect or stir someone. Arouse and affect both have powerful emotional meanings. An inspiration closing devices ultimate purpose is comparable to that of an "appeal for action," but it is vaguer. The goal is to stir someones emotions in a specific way. Perhaps a writer is writing an educational article about the rise of feminism in todays culture. The writer could conclude by reading Maya Angelou’s moving poem "Still I rise."
Appeal for Action
The plea for action, often known as a call to action, is probably the most used persuasive ending tactic. In essence, a writer makes an appeal for action when he or she encourages the audience to engage in a specific behavior or think differently. When a writer asks the reader to "do" or "think" in a certain way, the author expects a response. Whether the author is encouraging the audience to eat more fruit, buy a car, vote for a politician, oppose the death penalty, or sing more in the shower, the writer is encouraging them to take action.
The instant call to action is one sort of action-oriented appeal. While some appeals encourage individuals to take action in the future, the immediate call to action encourages people to take action right now. If a writer wants a new traffic light installed at a dangerous crossroads, he or she may end by asking everyone reading to sign a petition.
Visualizing the Future
The goal of a future-oriented conclusion is to let your audience visualize the future you believe is possible. If you are writing about the evolution of video games for learning, you may end by imagining a future classroom where video games are viewed as true learning aids and how they might be used. Writers frequently employ future visualization to portray how society would be or how individual listeners lives would be different if the persuasive endeavour was successful. For example, if a writer suggests that hiring more reading specialists in public schools is a solution to illiteracy, the writer could invite the audience to envisage a world without illiteracy. In this case, the purpose is to persuade others to agree with the author’s viewpoint. The conclusion should persuade the reader to help create this future by demonstrating that the writer’s vision of the future is favourable.
When a writer concludes with a summary, he or she is just extending the major points review. While this isnt the most exciting way to conclude, it can be effective for extremely technical for difficult topics that take longer to understand. This summation device should typically be avoided for brief texts.
Using a quotation relating to the article’s topic is a second technique to conclude an essay. If youre going to use a quotation, consider if you want to end on a persuasive or informative note. Some quotations will include a clear call to action, while others will summarize or stimulate contemplation. When choosing a quotation to use, make sure that it makes clear demands on readers to engage in a particular thought process or conduct.
Some writers conclude with a challenge. A challenge is an invitation to participate in an activity that needs a contest or extra effort. A writer could conclude an essay on the importance of fund-raising by challenging the audience to raise 10% more than their original predictions. Readers are challenged to go out of their way to do something different that requires effort.
A sample conclusion
A sample conclusion is provided below.
You leave a conclusion with your writer at the end of the project.
What makes a good conclusion? It has three main components.
A reiteration of the key argument
Reiterating the thesis statement is the first step in crafting a powerful conclusion. One definition of a thesis statement is a succinct, declarative sentence that indicates the purpose, intent, or central idea of an essay. When writing an essay, it is important to re-emphasize the main point that has been made throughout it. In your conclusion, just reiterating the subject will serve to remind the audience of the main purpose or goal, making it easier for them to remember it in the future.
The second step is to go through the important points.
Having summarized the key themes of your essay, the second stage is to evaluate the most important aspects of your essay. Repetition is required for successful recall. We improve the likelihood that the reader will recall our major ideas by providing a preview of them in the introduction, adequately discussing and transitioning to them during the length of the essay, and lastly revisiting them at the end of the document. So the introduction provides a sneak peek at the key body topics, while the end serves as a summary.
3rd, an epilogue or epitaph
Finalizing devices are the final component of a successful conclusion. The last thing you want your readers to think about after you finish writing is called a concluding device. Moreover, it provides an original conclusion for your essay. A sudden finish that leaves the reader hanging is avoided in this manner. To finish a speech, most people use one of seven approaches, which are described here.
Heres an issue:
It is an effective technique to conclude a speech to pose a rhetorical question that forces the audience to think about an idea. If youre writing about the importance of the environment, you might end your piece by saying something like, "Think about the future of your kids." Do you want them to grow up in a safe and nurturing environment? The question is, "would you rather live in a world that is clean and vibrant, or one that is filthy and disease-ridden?" "Would you rather live in a world that is clean, vibrant, and appealing, or one that is filthy and disease-ridden?" Keep in mind that you are not formally requesting the reader to provide a response to your query. To achieve the goal of this topic, it is necessary to prompt participants to contemplate what kind of world they want to leave behind for their children.
Putting forth a proposal for a remedy
The provision of a solution to the problem that was raised earlier in the body of the essay is another useful strategy for writers to use towards the conclusion of an article. If a writer has been writing on environmental challenges such as pollution and global warming, the writer may then propose a remedy to heal the gap by delivering more environmentally friendly sources of energy to consumers. The writer should examine if the solution should be detailed in further depth as a stand-alone primary point within the body to address the readers worries about the offered remedy, despite the fact that this is a powerful conclusion.
To be inspired means to have an effect on someone or to make them feel something. In terms of emotional significance, the words arouse and affect are both extremely potent. The ultimate goal of a "inspiration closing device" is similar to that of a "appeal for action," but it is a little less specific. The objective is to elicit a specific response from someones emotions. For example, a writer may be composing an instructive piece on the emergence of feminism in todays culture. A poignant poem by Maya Angelou titled "Still I Rise" could serve as a fitting conclusion for the author.
An Inviting Message to Act
One of the most common persuasive closing techniques is an appeal for action (also known as a call to action). When a writer encourages the audience to engage in a specific behavior or think in a different way, this is referred to as a "appeal for action." An author expects a reaction when he or she urges the reader to "do" or "think" in a particular way. Whether the author is urging the audience to consume more fruits and vegetables, purchase a car, vote for a politician, oppose the death penalty, or sing more in the shower, the author is urging them to act.
One type of action-oriented appeal is the immediate call to action. Whereas some calls to action encourage people to take action later on, the immediate call to action encourages people to take action right away. It is possible for a writer to encourage everyone who has read the piece to sign a petition in order to get a new traffic signal installed at a dangerous junction.
The Future as a Visualization
In a future-oriented conclusion, the goal is to allow your audience to imagine the future you believe is conceivable. After discussing the growth of video games for learning, you may consider imagining a future classroom in which video games are recognized as legitimate learning aids and how they might be employed in the classroom. In order to show how society would be different or how individual listeners lives would be different if the persuasive endeavor was successful, writers frequently deploy future projection. For example, if a writer suggests that increasing the number of reading specialists in public schools is a solution to illiteracy, the writer could ask the audience to imagine a future in which there is no illiteracy. Specifically, the authors goal is to persuade others to concur with his or her point of view in this situation. The conclusion should urge the reader to participate in the creation of this future by proving that the authors vision of the future is favorable.
Summarizing the information
Summary paragraphs are just an extension of the discussion of the important issues that the writer has already discussed. It is true that this is not the most thrilling method to close a presentation, but it can be beneficial when discussing really technical or complex issues that take longer to comprehend. Brief texts should often avoid using this summarization mechanism.
A second strategy for concluding an essay is to use a quotation that is relevant to the articles theme. Whenever youre going to use a quotation, think about whether you want to end on a persuasive or informational note. A clear call to action will be included in certain quotations, but others will serve as a summary or serve to provoke thought. Check that the quotation you choose puts explicit demands on readers to engage in a specific mental process or behaviour before selecting one to utilize.
Assumption of Responsibility
Others choose to end their work with a question. To accept a challenge is to agree to participate in an activity that calls for a contest or extra effort on the part of the participants. A writer could conclude an essay on the significance of fund-raising by challenging the audience to raise 10% more than they had predicted at the beginning of the essay. To complete the challenge, readers must go out of their way to do something different that demands effort.
This article was written by Tinotenda Shannon Denhere, a consultant at the Industrial Psychology Consultants. She can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org